An employment relationship is created by entering into a contract of employment. This contract distinguishes the employer-employee relationship from other types of working relationships, eg. principal-independent contractor.
An employment contract may be by oral or written agreement, or a combination of both. For National System Employers, the Real Estate Industry Award contains a number of provisions that require the establishment of a written contract of employment. Notwithstanding this requirement, written contracts provide employers with greater protection against claims for breach of contract than verbal contracts.
A contract of employment requires the following: